When the site proved subject to flooding and undermining from the Lena, a new site across the river was chosen in 1643. The new ostrog (fort) was called Yakutsk, and became the capital and trade center for the district. In September of 1990, Yakutsk was proclaimed the capital of the newly formed Sakha Republic.
In 1992, Yakutsk had a population of over 250,000 people, is the capital of the largest region in Russia, and is centered in an area of enormous natural resources. Yakutsk has Sister City agreements with Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, Guirin (China), Muroyama (Japan), and Darmstadt (Germany). The city is also the home of Yakutsk State University, which has an active exchange program with the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
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Revised: 9 May 1996
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